Rabu, 30 November 2011

Science Fair Projects for the 5th Grade on the Phases of the Moon

You can see a full moon at least once per month.

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The phases of the moon occur as it rotates around the earth. The position the moon is in relation to the earth dictates how much of the moon you are able to see in the night sky. Many fifth graders are fascinated with outer space, and a science project that focuses on the moon and its phases may be perfect for your child. Simple science fair projects can teach your fifth grader a great deal about the moon and its phases. The completed project may also be used to assess your child's understanding of the subject.

Related Searches: Moon Stays the Same

It may be difficult for your child to understand that the moon doesn't actually change with the phases, but rather the amount of light reflected on it. Use white and black paint to help him create a project that shows how the shape of the moon waxes, or grows larger, and wanes, or grows smaller. Encourage your child to cut out several large circles from a piece of cardboard. Use pictures of the moon phases to paint each circle with a different amount of white and black paint. For example, only a small amount of the moon is visible during the crescent phase, and the black paint indicates the shadow that prevents your child from seeing the whole moon. Continue with the remaining phases. Mount the painted circles on a large piece of cardboard and help your child label each one.

Photographic Record

This project will take about a month to complete. Provide your child with a digital camera, and encourage him to take several pictures of the moon every night, starting with one phase and continuing until the moon returns to that phase. Keep track of the date and what type of moon your child saw. Develop the pictures and have your child choose the best one for each day. Create a record of the moon phases for the month using a large piece of poster board. Help your child affix each photo to the poster board, labeling each with the date and the phase of the moon.

Lunar Month Moon Chart

Help your child create a moon chart that illustrates how the lunar month works. Cut several foam balls in half. Have your child use pictures of the different phases of the moon, as well as a calendar that lists the phases of the moon, to paint each foam ball half according to the phase of the moon for the current month. Provide your child with white paint for the moon and black paint for the shadow. Help your child draw a calendar on a large piece of cardboard. Glue each moon half to the corresponding day to show that the phases of the moon occur each month, and that a lunar month typically lasts about 29.5 days.

I Am the Earth

Give your child a white foam ball with a dowel poked into the bottom of it. Place your child, holding the ball by the dowel, in front of a portable desk lamp. Darken the room. Encourage your child to pretend that he's the Earth, and ask him to move around the lamp. Call attention to the way that the shadows move to cast more or less light on his foam ball. Recreate the experiment at the science fair, if possible. If not possible, take pictures so that your child can record his discoveries for the judges.

References100 Amazing First-Prize Science Fair Projects; Glen VecchioneGiant Book of Winning Science Fair Projects; Bob Bonnet and Dan KeenePhoto Credit NASA/Photodisc/Getty ImagesRead Next:

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