Sabtu, 03 Desember 2011

Difference Between Outlining and Pre-Writing

Pre-writing and outlining are useful tools for writing papers.

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Pre-writing is the first step in the writing process for creating an organized, clearly written and well-researched essay or paper. Pre-writing uses outlines as part of the process, but outlines do not make up all of the steps. Outlines assist writers in organizing the main points of a paper and deciding how to present the information. However, you might also use outlining in other stages of the writing process after pre-writing.

Related Searches: Pre-Writing

Pre-writing lays the foundation for your paper. The process begins with establishing the purpose of the paper, the type of writing and your audience. You must decide on your main argument and consider who is going to read the paper. Writing a paper for a college audience is different than writing for a younger audience. Research is the next stage of pre-writing. Find references, write a reference list and collect evidence for your paper. Writing an outline might follow research, or you might begin writing down ideas and quotes in a research outline.

Pre-Writing Outlines

An outline lists the main points and subpoints of a paper. As you read through your reference material, you can either take notes or create a research outline that places supporting evidence and quotes under their related topics. Another option is to wait until after you finish your research and have a complete picture in your head of what to say. Write a brief or detailed outline using your research notes. A basic outline structure includes a brief introduction, thesis, background, three pieces of evidence, conclusion and references.

Formal Outlines

A professor might require a formal outline with a paper. This type of outline acts as a guide to your paper by laying out the main points and subpoints for your readers. Write this outline after you complete your paper. Some people write formal outlines as sentence outlines. These outlines are long and use complete sentences to clearly express the points of the outline. Topic outlines are the second type of formal outlines. Topic outlines are brief and use shorter phrases. Both types of formal outlines use Roman characters instead of the bullets or dashes found in informal outlines.

Fiction Outlines

A fiction writer might do pre-writing before starting a project to flush out the plot, characters and settings. An author might also create a storyboard for a play or movie as a graphic representation of the storyline. A storyboard is an outline with pictures. After an author writes a draft, he might then revise the original outline before writing a new draft. Fiction writers might also use outlines for individual scenes before or after the pre-writing stage. Outlines are optional for fiction.

ReferencesYale Graduate School Writing Center: Pre-Writing (pdf)Indiana University Bloomington: Using OutlinesCapella University: Writing Process (pdf)DarcyPattinson.com: Rich Prewriting Enhances NovelDarcyPattinson.com: Revising the OutlineDarcyPattinson.com: Outline scenesPhoto Credit Jack Hollingsworth/Digital Vision/Getty ImagesRead Next:

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